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By Friedrich Solmsen

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Parm. ; cf. Emped. B45 (47); Anaxag. B18; Democr. A8ça. 47 Against the hypothesis that the "whirl" motif goes back to the earlier systems (Anaximander) cf. Cornford, C7. , 28 (1934), isf. General considerations favor Cornford's view, although Arist. 295a10 remains a stumbling block. org/terms Aristotle's Physical World i/f. which Plato and Aristotle find the clearest evidence for order, perfection, and a teleological causality operating in the world. Thanks to this new causality, the mechanical explanations which Presocratic physicists had given for the heavenly movements and for the formation of the firmament, the sun, and other bodies could be discarded and by and large ignored.

30Needless to say, these thinkers had no devices- experimental or of whatever kind- for implementing their "chemical" interests. They had throughout to rely on general probabilities, unverifiable impressions, and intuition. 31 One could also be specific, in fact the atomists evidently were very specific and detailed, about the basic realities which retain their being and their nature through all the varying combinations in which they find themselves entangled. 32 In the atomist system, some of the unbreakable units are, thanks to their shapes and general configuration, capable of entering into firmer union with one another than are certain others.

Curiously the distinction between the two types of phenomena persists and becomes even more accentuated; the reason for this is that the subjects which the Presocratics had treated in close relation to cosmic origins are those in 45 A84 (cf. Doxogr. 368); Democr. A93. 40Anaxag. Parm. ; cf. Emped. B45 (47); Anaxag. B18; Democr. A8ça. 47 Against the hypothesis that the "whirl" motif goes back to the earlier systems (Anaximander) cf. Cornford, C7. , 28 (1934), isf. General considerations favor Cornford's view, although Arist.

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Aristotle’s System of the Physical World by Friedrich Solmsen


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