Download PDF by Michael Fischer: Applications in Computing for Social Anthropologists (Asa

By Michael Fischer

ISBN-10: 0415018188

ISBN-13: 9780415018180

As expanding numbers of social anthropologists use a working laptop or computer for wordprocessing, curiosity in different functions necessarily follows, computing device functions in Social Anthropology covers examine actions shared by way of all social anthropologists and introduces new equipment for organizing and analyzing info. Lucidly written, and sympathetic to the actual wishes of social anthropologists, it will likely be of titanic price to researchers and pros in anthropology, improvement experiences and sociology

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Extra resources for Applications in Computing for Social Anthropologists (Asa Research Methods in Social Anthropology)

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In our case we have to make the transition from ethnographic data to the kinds of resources available on computers. For example, a card in a card index uses a physical surface to relate the different bits of information on the card as representing a single entity the information relates to, such as a person, place or event. To convert this system over to a computer we must use an analogue to the card which has at least this same organizing behaviour. This function is most commonly provided by a class of computer programs generally referred to as database management systems (DBMS).

2 The investment in and intensity of most of the data collection effort, often over a period of years, demands a high ‘re-use’ value. The same information may need to be reorganized in many ways to derive maximum value. 3 For ethical, economic and practical reasons anthropologists can rarely perform experiments. Data is generally collected passively, without any form of systematic sampling. 4 The greatest strength and weakness of anthropological data is its dependence on the researcher. Not only must we rely on the researcher to collect data in a satisfactory manner, but we depend heavily on the knowledge of the researcher to assess what the data is and what its significance is when it is applied.

3). To summarize, it is usually best, if possible, to put data into a uniform structure where the interpretation of each data item in the structure is uniform (each item is of the same sort) and to include additional data items to identify the source of the data. A computer program can accept many different kinds of data, but each kind should follow these conventions. 2 Conceptualizing the problem Before we can define how the data is to be presented to the computer for processing, we must first define: 1 the model and abstract model categories which assign the data a meaning or interpretation; 2 the analytic goals; 3 the analytic procedures we intend to apply to satisfy the analytic goals; 4 the abstract categories of the model that are necessary for the analytic procedures; 5 the concrete data collected which corresponds to these abstract categories, and the method of deriving the categories from the data.

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Applications in Computing for Social Anthropologists (Asa Research Methods in Social Anthropology) by Michael Fischer

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